Styles in Architecture

We often speak of a particular style of architecture. For instance, we say a certain house is an example of “colonial architecture.” That means it is the kind of house that Americans built during the time, two hundred years or so ago, when the states were British colonies and not yet the independent United States. Or we speak of “Roman architecture.” That means the kind of buildings that were built when the Roman Empire was the most powerful nation on earth, about two thousand years ago. Styles in architecture have changed much in the course of history. First, men have learned to do things better. There was a time when the best way to make a building strong was to use heavy blocks of hard stone.

There were no steel girders in those days. So architects of long ago designed their best buildings in marble or other hard stone, and architects today design their best buildings around steel. The outward appearance of the building changes because different materials are used. Before glass was invented, buildings looked different because they had no windows. Today, because glass is being made better and stronger every year, new buildings are likely to look almost as though they were solid walls of glass. Another reason that styles change is that men’s ideas of beauty change. Houses that were built seventy-five or a hundred years ago are called “Victorian” houses because that was the time when Queen Victoria was reigning in England. Victorian houses were quite fancy. They were considered very beautiful at the time, but people today consider them ugly because today people like their houses to be plain, and not to be decorated with all sorts of fancy curlicues and ornaments.

The cost of building has a lot to do with styles in architecture. Thousands of years ago, no one but kings and powerful noblemen could afford fine houses and buildings. There was little thought of the rights of human beings in those days. A powerful man would make slaves of men who were weaker, and of enemies he had conquered in warfare. The great structures of the past, such as the pyramids in Egypt and the great marble temples of Greece, could be built because thousands of slaves worked for many years, moving great blocks of stone, without being paid. In a modern democracy like the United States, that would be impossible. But science has progressed so much that even stronger buildings are made in a few months, with far fewer men, all of whom are well paid for their work; and poor men as well as rich men can have strong, warm, comfortable houses to live in and office buildings and factories to work in.

Stone Coated Steel Roofing – Did You Know it Has Been Around For Over 50 Years?

Let’s talk about Stone Coated Steel Roofing Systems from DECRA® Imagine the beauty of an architectural shake or tiled look on your home but with the durability to have a Class A fire rating, and a Class 4 impact resistance to Hail, to be warranted against winds up to 120 mph and to be covered by a transferable 50 year limited warranty.

Hope I have your attention now. The concept of Stone Coated Steel Roofing has been around for decades. In fact the original inventor of the Decra system first saw the concept in use during a tour of Europe after World War II. It has evolved over the years into a durable and beautiful finished product.

Today DECRA® products are manufactured with a solid but lightweight aluminum-zinc alloy coated steel, which is then covered with 3M ceramic coated stone granules and sealed with an exclusive polymer coating.

The DECRA® roofing system comes in a wide variety of styles and colors. So lets begin with the Italian old world classic elegance of DECRA® VILLA TILE. Villa Tile will give you the architectural detail of an Italian tile roof with the durability and superior performance of steel. Closely related you might find the DECRA® TILE more to your liking. This panel has more of a Mediterranean look with all the same great features.

If your taste leans more to the architectural look then you can choose between DECRA® SHINGLE, DECRA® SHINGLE PLUS, or the deep profile of the DECRA® SHAKE. Shake will give you the deep profile of a cedar roof without the weather fading look. Decra Shingle is the most cost effective system offered giving you the look that will match the finest architectural shingle, and Shingle Plus gives you a deeper richer shingle texture at a fraction of the weight of asphalt shingles.

Discover Architectural Marvels of India

Indian monuments are renowned worldwide for their excellent architecture and striking superfluities. These form an integral part of the Indian culture as deep within the stones and carvings of the monuments is infused the rich heritage of the country. Every monument narrates its individual history that further combines to state the entire cultural heritage and traditional beliefs of India.

There are many wonderful constructions that have left a lasting impression on the hearts and minds of the visitors. Among the huge numbers there are few that hold great significance in terms of aesthetic beauty and cultural heritage of the country. Here is a list of those architectural marvels of India:

Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza is also known as the loft gateway. This great construction was built by Akbar at Fatehpur Sikri to honor his victory over Gujarat. It is believed to be the largest gateway in India and the highest gateway in the world. Beautifully constructed of red-sandstone with marble embellishments, it has a famous inscription written, “The world is but a bridge, pass over but build no houses on it”.

Char Minar
The Char Minar was built in the year 1591 in Hyderabad by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. This impressive and massive monument built with four minarets emerges as a graceful and romantic structure asserting its architectural eminence. It is built using granite, lime, mortar, and pulverized marble.

Gol Gumbad

Gol Gumbad is located in the Bijapur district of Karnataka. The architecture is unique with 124 feet of diameter, four minarets, acoustical system, and the seven-storied octagonal spires. It is believed to be the second largest dome in the world and the gallery around the dome to known to deliver an aesthetic view of the town.

India Gate

India Gate was built with the sole aim of memorizing the seventy thousand soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the cause of India’s independence. In the First World War many brave soldiers lost their lives and following that many were killed in the third Afghanistan War. All those martyrs who lost their lives in these wars have their names imprinted on the stones of the structure. Every stone is imprinted with these names as a salutation to the brave soldiers.

Khajuraho Temples

Khajuraho Temples are mainly popular for the beautiful and erotic sculptures that deliver the best aesthetics. All the sculptures are perfect in execution and inspiring in expressions. Every facet of life is beautifully carved on each and every stone of the construction. It was built in the tenth century and since then it is one of the major tourist attraction in the country.

Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful and romantic architecture of the country. It is an epitome of true love and also of Mughal Art. Situated at Agra it is considered one of the marvels of the world in terms of artistry and architecture. It was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaj Mahal.

Mysore Palace

Mysore Palace is a showcase a perfect blend of various architectural styles including the Dravidian, Indo-Saracenic, Oriental, and Roman. It is one of the most striking and magnificent monuments in the country. Also known as Amba Vilasa Palace, this structure narrates the entire history of Karnataka.

Norman Architecture and Norman Castles

INTRODUCTION:

The name Norman is derived from a region of Northern France. Norman architecture refers to the constructions made by the Normans. These are not only seen in Northern France and England but also seen in Southern Italy and Sicily. The style of architecture used in Norman buildings is called Romanesque style. The period of Norman architecture extended from 1066 to 1204. In the year 1066 the Saxon-Dane rulers of England were overthrown by the Normans.

NORMAN ARCHITECTURE:

The Normans developed the wooden Motte and Bailey castles in Normandy. This was the first event in the evolution of Norman architecture. Later after invasion of England the Castle keep was used by the Normans. This castle keeps replaced the top of the wooden Motte. Later on, stone was used by the Normans to build their castles. This made the advent of the Norman-Romanesque Architecture. New techniques were developed by the Normans in the construction of castles. They developed the stone vault ceiling, the buttress and the arch to support the weight of the stones and bricks used in the construction of the castles.

These castles build under Norman-Romanesque architecture were very expensive but the castles were long-lasting and durable. The castles were constructed in such a way so that they indicated Fear, Ave, Domination, Envy, Submission, Respect, Power and Wealth. The best site for the construction of the castle was close to a river or a sea.

Stones used in the construction were very heavy. Roman arches were utilized to support this heavy stones. The windows were very small in size so as to support the walls from collapsing by giving them strength. Stone roofs were constructed. These roofs were supported by the vaults. The vaults were of different types like Barrel or Tunnel vaults and Groin Vaults. The Norman arches were made with simple geometry. The arches had zig zag carvings around it. The doorways were present under the tympanum under the arch. These zig zag patterns were also called chevron patterns.

NORMAN CASTLES:

The Norman castles were very massive and housed many men and horses. The castles also housed cavalry. The castles were used to govern the surrounding districts and also to frighten people around. Not only castles but many churches and cathedrals were also constructed in this Norman architectural pattern. The churches had a cruciform plan. The castles were mostly built on a high and elevated land. The Norman castles were initially built with timber. Later, after invading England they were converted to stone. The wooden motte on which the castle was built was not strong enough to bear the weight of the solid stone tower. To solve this problem the Norman castle keep was developed and also the weight of the tower was reduced.The walls of the castles also had some sculptures carved on them.