Natural Stone – It’s Classification and How to Care Them

Natural stones has been used for centuries to create beautiful roofs, floors, and walls. A property with natural stones which is properly installed and maintained can lasts for hundreds of years. What are the types or classifications of natural stones? How to take care of them so that they can lasts for several years? Listed below are the answers from the questions previously stated.

Limestone. A sedimentary rock composed largely of mineral calcite. Limestone is important for masonry, and architecture, vying with only granite and sandstone to be the most commonly used architectural stone. Limestone was most popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Train stations, banks and other structures from that era are normally made of limestone. Limestone is used as a facade on some skyscrapers, but only in thin plates for covering rather than solid blocks.

Sandstone. These sedimentary rocks originated as loosed grains or rock materials, predominantly quarts but occasionally feldspar or some other minerals. Sandstones are very resistant to weathering yet are easy to work. Thus, this makes sandstone a common building and paving material. Some types of sandstone are excellent materials from which to make grindstones, for sharpening blades, and other implements. The cement of sandstone may be rich in various materials; Silica, Iron, Calcium Carbonate, all of which contribute to the final color and characteristics of the sandstone. Sandstone beds also posses natural jointing systems.

Granite. A common and widely occurring type of igneous rock. The minerals which make up a granite are generally quartz, feldspars and various mafic minerals. Granite is nearly always massive, hard and tough, and therefore it has gained widespread use as a construction stone. Granite can be worked to achieve every type of finish from traditional hand tooled, flame textured, shot blasted, acid washed, or honed to highly polished mirror finishes.

Natural stone which are properly maintained and cleaned can last a lifetime. There are several tips on how to care them. First, as much as possible dust mop floors frequently and clean surfaces with mild detergent or stone soap. After washing, thoroughly rinse and dry the surface with soft clean cloth. Spills on natural stone surfaces should be wipe out as soon as possible. To protect floor surfaces, do cover it with non-slip mats while place trivets or placements on countertop surfaces. Do not use cleaners that contains acid on marble and limestone surfaces.

There are several natural stones and the above listed are the most common. Limestone, sandstone, and granite are commonly used natural stone in the stone industry. The brief tips are listed above which provide essential guide on how to take care natural stone especially the limestone, sandstone, and granite. Hopefully, this guides could help every home owners in many ways.