Vietnam was under French rule in the 19th century; France left Vietnam but left their mark in the form of buildings in many places, especially Hanoi. France began by destroying old buildings and building new ones in their place. The French want to give a European look and that is why buildings are built in European patterns. Even today you can see the streets filled with trees on both sides, villas and mansions with yellow stones and some very impressive buildings; all the wonderful features of French architecture. To adapt to the new area, some local features were included in the building style but French influence was dominant.
The Presidential Palace in Hanoi is probably the grandest French Colonial structure. Built somewhere between 1900 and 1906, the Presidential Palace serves as the residence of the Governor-General of the French Indochina. The building is made of yellow stone and guarded by wrought iron gates. This is quite impressive and very European with mango trees on the grounds to be the only local factor. The interior also has renaissance features such as impressive quoins, columns and stairs. The palace was renovated in 1990 and currently serves as a place for government meetings. Only a large area and a beautiful Presidential Palace garden can be seen by the public (entrance fees are charged).
Built in 1886, Cathedral of Saint Joseph is another beautiful example of French colonial architecture. Stained glass windows that give rise to different colors of color when light falls on them and tall towers are some of the features found in cathedrals in Europe. The church still holds the masses with thousands of worshipers.
The date of construction of the Hanoi Opera House was recorded as 1911 although it could have been built earlier. Built in a pattern similar to the Opera House in France. The grandeur and beauty of this building cannot be described. French neo-classical patterns such as wrought iron balconies, tiles and closed windows dominate the yellow pointed exterior. An impressive entrance is a column feature and a wrought iron balcony overlooking the city. The Opera House was renovated in 1990 and with a seating capacity of 900 people; it continues to entertain people. To see the building from the inside, you need to buy a ticket for the show.